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  • 04 Apr 2012 15:00 | Armelle Loghmanian

    Women’s Leadership Edge:

    Research on Emotional Intelligence, Gender, and Job Level

    By Joshua Freedman

    Back to PWI Magazine - Q1 2012

    May EQ events in Europe

    10% discount for PWI members
    Please contact accounting@pwi.be to get your discount code

    EQ Conference At the Heart of Performance, 12 May, Dublin. Share why and how EQ increases performance. http://tinyurl.com/6sbca9u

    EQ Certification Training, 7-11 May, Dublin. Gain powerful tools for integrating EQ in your work and life. http://tinyurl.com/7f9e5h7

    As business becomes more complex with globalization, new generations, and the accelerating pace of innovation, the value of "emotionally intelligent leaders" is gaining ground.  A new analysis of over 24,000 leaders and workers shows this presents an important opportunity for female leaders who, statistically, have a slight edge in this domain in three key areas:  (1) EQ is made of numerous component parts, Females are particularly higher in some; (2) the largest gap is in the capacity to predict the emotional consequences of actions – but there are some areas where men score higher; (3) comparing those in leadership roles suggest that females who bring additional emotional insight and energy to their work are more able to progress in their careers. To benefit from this advantage, women leaders need to know more about EQ and the dynamics of this people-leadership resource.

    Emotional intelligence (or EQ) means being smarter with feelings -- accurately appraising emotional data, and using that data to optimize decisions.  A growing body of evidence shows these capabilities are tied to improved leadership, effectiveness, relationships, decision-making, health, and wellbeing; which helps higher EQ leaders create greater economic and societal value (see www.6seconds.org/case).

    While women and men alike have challenges in accurately identifying, managing, and applying the data and energy contained in emotions, a common perception is that women are more “tuned in” when it comes to feelings.  Numerous studies show that “Ms. Average” will have a slightly higher EQ score that “Mr. Average.”  A new analysis confirms this result, but presents three key new findings that are essential for understanding these gender variations.

     EQ Components

    Just as cognitive intelligence, measured by IQ, is made of many components, EQ is multi-dimensional.  Various theoretical models of emotional intelligence posit slightly different components of the construct, but all recognize a dimension tied to accurately appraising emotional data, one tied to managing or integrating that data, and a dimension of application.  In the Six Seconds Model of Emotional Intelligence, we structure these into a three-step process for putting EQ into action:

    •  Awareness is “Know Yourself” – accurately assessing emotional data.
    •  Management is “Choose Yourself” – consciously selecting emotional response.
    • Direction is “Give Yourself” – purposefully applying emotion toward significance.

    In these three dimensions, analysis of 24,436 people from around the globe shows women have a slight edge in all three.  In the Know Yourself area, Ms. Average scores 1.8% higher than Mr. Average – but only 0.4% higher in the Choose Yourself area (see Figure 1: EQ and Gender, Overview).
    The implication is that women tend to be slightly more self-aware will not be a surprise.  It’s important to note that these scores are normative, approximately distributed on a bell curve, which means that among the 12,236 women in this sample, roughly 7,300 will be near the middle.  Some 1,800 will be much higher on EQ, and approximately the same number will be much lower.  The same is true for the 12,200 males in this group.  This means that any given female is not necessarily higher on EQ than her male counterpart, but on average, women are stronger in this domain.

     EQ Dynamics

    Within the three component parts of the Six Seconds Model are eight specific, learnable, measurable competencies. Looking at this more detailed view, it becomes apparent that women have a stronger EQ capability in certain areas of emotional intelligence – where men (on average) have more strength in other components.

    The greatest single gender gap is in a competency called “Apply Consequential Thinking,” which enables people to pause and evaluate the costs and benefits of their actions before they leap. This requires blending both tactical/factual information and human/emotional data to make a decision that will work – and work well with people.

    The competency where men have the greatest advantage is in “Navigate Emotions,” which enables people to harness the insight and energy of feelings to move forward intentionally: Responding rather than reacting. This is also the lowest-scoring area for women in the sample, suggesting that more often females will find their emotions in charge rather than proactively and mindfully working with emotion. Because of the female edge in Enhance Emotional Literacy and Apply Consequential Thinking, however, “Ms. Average” has the capability to understand and evaluate emotions better that “Mr. Average.” So if she applies these strengths (rather than trying to just push emotions away), females could more quickly move toward mastery.

    Increase Empathy is another area where females are scoring higher – which aligns with typical societal expectations of female nurture. In the workplace, this translates to an important competitive advantage in the ability to influence and engage others. But, higher empathy paired with lower navigation can lead to emotional overwhelm.

     Leadership Differences

    Within the global sample, 6,236 respondents are in a senior leadership role (40% of these are female).  Because emotional intelligence is correlated with career success, we know that people in higher-level roles will generally have higher EQ – and this is confirmed in this dataset.  What’s intriguing are the changes in gender gaps comparing the full data with the leaders’ data.
    For example, one of the areas that seems most powerfully linked to career progress is “Pursue Noble Goals,” the capability to put purpose into action.  In Figure 2, above, males have a slight edge in this competency, but in Figure 3 we can see that for those in leadership positions, there’s essentially no gender difference.

    In “Enhance Emotional Literacy” and “Apply Consequential Thinking” the gap widens among leaders, suggesting that female leaders are especially insightful in the emotional domain. 

    The third competency where the dynamics are shifting is “Exercise Optimism”; among leaders the gap widens as females pull further ahead.  As is shown in Figure 3, this becomes the 2nd highest competency among female leaders, providing a resource for solving problems and generating energy.

    Between job levels, the only area where males are starting to close the gap is Increase Empathy.  In the general population, males score over 3% lower than females, but among leaders it’s only a 2.6% difference (but females in leadership are still considerably higher in this area).

    Women who want to advance their careers need to tap into the capabilities to Pursue Noble Goals and Engage Intrinsic Motivation, the two competencies where those in leadership have the biggest advantage. In developing EQ strengths, “Ms. Average” should prioritize Navigating Emotions while capitalizing on stand-out strengths of Enhancing Emotional Literacy and Applying Consequential Thinking. The bottom line is that as the value of emotional intelligence continues to be recognized, females have an important opportunity for creating added value and building workplaces where people thrive.

    About the Author
    Joshua Freedman is the COO of Six Seconds (http://www.6seconds.org), the global leaders in emotional intelligence development.  Six Seconds has offices in 10 countries, publishes seven validated individual and organizational assessments, and an extensive library of learning and development resources.  Freedman is one of the founders of the organization, and he is the author of two books on the business applications of the science of emotion, At the Heart of Leadership and INSIDE CHANGE. His web site is http://www.JMFreedman.com

    About the Data
    This data comes from the SEI, Six Seconds Emotional Intelligence Assessment, a normative measure of EQ skills; on the SEI, the median score is 100, with a standard deviation of 15, much like a traditional IQ test.  For this analysis, we used an international dataset collected primarily in corporate environments over the last five years in Europe, Asia, the Americas, and the Middle East in English, Italian, Chinese, Spanish, and Portuguese.  For this analysis, the data was scored using a special global norm to allow a more accurate comparison between the various languages.

    Back to PWI Magazine - Q1 2012


  • 18 Mar 2012 22:13 | Deleted user
    Dear PWI friend,

    I was updating my skills on my LinkedIn page yesterday and I suddenly realised how many things I had learned since I started volunteering with PWI.  

    I usually work behind the scenes on the Administration, and PWI has given me experience of using a database, and the whole Microsoft office especially Word and Excel.  I have also started to learn interviewing for our PWI magazine, and plan to do some more.  

    I have learned about the Social Media and started using Facebook and LinkedIn, making new friends and re-connecting with friends and colleagues I had lost touch with.  Unfortunately I missed Helen Dunnett’s presentation on ‘Surviving the Social Media’ and the lunch with Monika Kuschewsky about ‘Data Protection’, but  I did learn a lot from Corina Ciechanow about ‘Crowdsourcing’ and how useful that is for small businesses.

    I was thinking what other opportunities does PWI offer?   Well we have a couple of events  each month opened to men and women and one network event dedicated to ladies only to practice networking.  We are currently looking for female members to help with Event Planning and Management.  I noticed these skills are both rated highly on LinkedIn as being skills employers are looking for.  Of course our events also need Marketing, which is another desirable skill.

    We are always looking for people (women and men) to speak at PWI events , which is a great opportunity to practice your Public Speaking Skills.  Do you have a passion that you would like to share with PWI members and friends?  Recently we had a very inspiring talk about ‘NLP’ when Alessandra Zocca , Secretary-General of PWI, shared her passion with us.  If (like me) you are nervous of public speaking you can still share your interest and experience with us by contacting Alessandra at editor@pwi.be and arranging for an interview with the PWI magazine.

    At the moment we are running our first Mentoring programme, which is proving very successful for both the Mentees and the Mentors.  Do you feel you have experience you would like to pass along?  Again this is a great way to acquire skills, especially if you work in a small workplace which doesn’t offer mentoring.  We are planning to put some comments from Mentors and Mentees in the Spring edition of the PWI magazine, and the next programme starts soon.   Again Mentors can be female or male, but Mentees should be female and PWI members.

    So has all this inspired you?  Are you thinking you would like to help with PWI Events or take part in the next Mentoring programme?   

    Have you read the article Alessandra Zocca shared  on our LinkedIn  Group page http://www.linkedin.com/e/-q12z3f-gy91cslz-53/vaq/93142308/2434042/67258475/view_disc/?hs=false&tok=2rwW_Qj49gQR41  ‘Why Volunteering is Good for Your Career’ – 4 benefits for YOU when you help PWI.

    Want to find out more?  Please contact  me or Armelle 

    For mentoring contact Melanie  or Alessandra if you want to publish an article.

    Hope to see you soon
    Beverley Sinton

  • 10 Dec 2011 19:16 | Deleted user
    PWI Communication Tools
    by Alessandra Zocca - Secretary-General of PWI Brussels

    Dear All,
    Starting from this edition the PWI Magazine will only include featured articles never published before.
    This implies that the PWI Magazine will no longer include the following sections, but:
    • “Future Events” section has become a new page/tab in our website
    • “Spotted by our Members”, “Feedback from our past Events” and “Upcoming Events in Belgium, “Upcoming Women Global  Events in Belgium” have been moved to the new PWI Blog (also on our website).

    The reason why – as Editor - I made this decision is twofold: we want to focus the PWI Magazine on brand new articles, created on purpose for our readership. It is an opportunity for each PWI Member or friend to write articles or to be interviewed, to express their opinions, to tell us about themselves and their profession.
    Secondly, the PWI Magazine is issued on a quarterly basis and this does not allow the quick sharing of information about events or interesting articles on the internet.  Therefore we created a new blog and decided to take part in the current most common social media.
    Let me, please, take the opportunity to provide you an overall map of the communication media that PWI Brussels has activated:
    • New Pages in the PWI Website
    • PWI LinkedIn Group
    • PWI Twitter
    • PWI Facebook

    Please, join PWI in the social media!   


      PWI Website

     New BLOG

     New EVENTS page



      Click Here  

     Click Here



     Click here



    Click here


    Click Here

  • 05 Dec 2011 08:33 | Armelle Loghmanian
    PWI is pleased to relay the Call for Actions following Viviane Reding’s European Business School/Women on Board initiative. Two of our members have been involved in this initiative: Cristina Vicini Honorary president of PWI for her Boston University MET - Chair Advisory Board International function and Brigitte Boone as a representative of women with several board positions. Read more here.
  • 05 Dec 2011 08:33 | Armelle Loghmanian
    PWI is pleased to relay the Call for Actions following Viviane Reding’s European Business School/Women on Board initiative. Two of our members have been involved in this initiative: Cristina Vicini Honorary president of PWI for her Boston University MET - Chair Advisory Board International function and Brigitte Boone as a representative of women with several board positions. Read more here.
  • 23 Aug 2011 23:33 | Deleted user
    “Untitled”, an interview with artist Elfriede de Rooster
    Interview by Beverly Sinton, PWI

    Elfriede de Rooster, belgian artist- interviewed by Beverly Sinton, PWI

    PWI – When and why did you decide to become an artist?

    Elfriede – I have always been involved with art, it has been a thread running through my whole life.  In college I studied art, and specialised in publicity.  I worked for several studio’s in Belgium amongst them Studio Peyo (smurfs cartoons) where I truly learned how to construct characters.  The knowledge acquired during that time, and the dedication to honing my skills even more during my free time led me to a job working for a major animation company in Denmark.  Ready to face the underlying causes of my unhappiness In 2000 I went to a healer who gave me some homework.  First, I had to paint again preferably with a natural medium such as oils.  However it was very important not to think about which colours to use or what I wanted to paint.  At the time I had only a little bit of space and created small pieces of oil paintings.  Around the same time I also started to use a software application to make digital paintings.  
    Secondly, the healer recommended that I spend a lot of time in nature, to reconnect with nature. What I have noticed is that the energy of nature is found throughout my art – the shapes of nature, the light and shadow.  Nature plays a major role in my life and gives me a feeling of rejuvenation and joy, not only but especially on my walks.
    The first two helped me to feel myself again.  To reconnect with who I am, my desires, my talents and how to put them to good use to help and inspire others.right
    The third thing the healer advised me was to learn how to say ‘no’.  It is not easy for me to refuse when someone asks me to do something, but I had to learn not to take on the responsibility of others and to learn how to value my time.

    I continued travelling, and spent time in Ireland.  It was in Ireland I realised it was painting I wanted to do, and that this could also help people.  Then I went to California for 2 and a-half years, and as soon as I arrived there I started to network.  As I met people I was given many opportunities, which I didn’t always take.  But I did make contact with the Belgian Consul while I was in the U.S. and I was offered an exhibition in the Residency.  I found the people I had already met were willing to sponsor me, and I was able to mount the exhibition.   

    By the way to really answer the question, or to summarise: When did I become an artist ... the realisation of this was in Ireland.  Denmark had paved the way for this realisation.  Why did I become an artist  ... it’s a calling, it’s coming from within.  It feels right for me.  I didn’t become an artist to help people.  The desire to help has always been there ... but realising that I can also help by being an artist, that was a major realisation.  Before that I thought that only nurses, doctors and people like that could help ... it’s about feeling worth and knowing that each has a place and a reason for their existence. The way I paint has taught me a lot about myself.

    PWI – What was your previous profession?  Which skills and qualities could you bring from your former career into your new career as an artist?

    Elfriede - As mentioned in the previous paragraph, art has always been part of my life.  After having been self-employed a first time - from 1992 to 2001 - I worked in several areas going from house-cleaning, to driving, to working in a vegetarian restaurant.  I can’t say that I have brought qualities and skills from these experiences into my art, since my art was there first.  Rather the opposite, but that has more to do with me as a person that found more peace with who I am, than with being an ‘artist’.  I travelled a bit back and forth, doing some interim work here in Belgium in the meantime.  
    In 2007 I came back to Belgium ‘for good’ and worked for three years at the airport (security).  Not anything to do with my art at all, however a very conscious choice because I really needed a break from it.  You see when I came back from the US I thought I had failed to become the artist I wanted to be.  So this job was a necessity financially and it also gave me the space to heal emotionally and re-find my self-confidence.  The second time I took the leap to be self-employed (part-time if you like) was last year - 2010.  

    To summarise: skills and qualities concerning my art have not been brought from other careers, nor have those careers influenced my art in any way.  
    However the skills and qualities inherent to me, as a more conscious person, and which have been ‘opened’ since Denmark have led me to many places and careers.  Over the last few years I have been exploring some other directions.  I spent some time studying to be a pastry chef, and I just finished 2 years of sign language.  

    Although I have moved on, everything in my past has taught me something, and I have learned from all my experiences (artistic and others).  Since Denmark I do paint intuitively – and the result can be abstract or figurative.  I try to open myself up to the inspiration within me, and when I do pictures flow very easily.    

    PWI – What are the advantages of working as an artist?

    Elfriede - For me the main advantage is that I am freelance which means I can live at my own pace.  Before I decided to become an independent artist for a second time I was working for a security firm at the airport – I had to work irregular hours and my life was controlled by an alarm clock.  Now my life has a more natural rhythm, like the ebb and flow of the sea.  I think the biggest change in my life has been moving from working on other people’s projects to working on my own, which of course can still involve cooperation with others.  
    And, of course, I am not only an artist but also a business woman.  I need to sell my work in order to earn my living; and for me, that is the hardest part.  When I was in the US I refused some job offers because I thought that everything else would be a distraction from me being an artist, but also be a failure on my part of not being able to create an income from my art.  I needed to concentrate on being an artist.

    PWI – What are the main obstacles to success for an artist, and specifically for a female one?

    Elfriede - I am not sure that being female is an obstacle to being a professional artist – I think men and women have equality with regard to obstacles and opportunities.  My personal obstacles have been learning to value myself and my work, and being confident enough to ask a sensible price.  It took me a long time to stop undervaluing my work – but people who want to buy art are willing to pay for it.  left;
      I needed to learn to be firm about my painting.  ‘Art’ is usually defined by what is shown in galleries by those who decide for others what ‘art’ ought to be, and by art critics.  A lot of art galleries only want to display a certain type of art which is after all natural since they are the ones who sell what they have in their galleries – or they are often full, with long long waiting lists.
    I want my work to reach many people because I know my art has value and can somehow help, so I created my own website and I was using a website called Fine Art America.  I have discovered that I really need to make my own opportunities.

    On a side note ... I have a relationship with each piece I create, but I want the people who see it, the people who will buy it, to have their own relationship with the art.   That’s why I do not title the work.  I refuse to interpret the work for others.  If I would do so, they would place once more their own ‘power’ outside themselves.  Doing this would not resonate with my intention and vision; which is to help empower others, to help them to trust their own inner guidance, to help them to feel again and to help them to take responsibility for their own choices.  
    Therefore, I do not title the work.

    PWI – What are your plans for the future?  Where do you think your art will take you?

    Elfriede - I am thinking of starting workshops for children and teenagers, and using a projector to teach them how to draw.  I am also thinking of doing a lecture, maybe for adults, focusing on aspects of my life story and showing people which tools I use to create my art.  At the moment I am using the computer to make 3-D sculptures, and I am really excited about that.  There are lots of possibilities for me, and I am feeling very positive about my future.  Whatever I do, it will involve art.

    PWI – This probably shouldn’t be the last question, but could you give us a definition of art?

    Elfriede - If I really have to define the word art: Art is indeed a mastery of a skill, any skill ... however for me I feel when combined with the heart, with life, with emotion it’s taking work to a higher level.
    Taking painting as an example I would say that everyone can paint and use it to express themselves, but it doesn’t make them persé artists because of the lack of having mastered that specific skill to understand paint, light and shadow.  On the other hand when someone has mastered a skill, but lacks the joy of using it to create ... it’s not art either.  In the end it’s just a word, and I find it rather annoying that people have such a desire to want to label just anything, to put anything in boxes.  It’s so constraining.  Therefor I prefer to talk about “craft” because it still points to a mastery of a skill.  The word “art” has become limited.  But again everyone can enjoy making “art” without being a master painter – if you have expression - and everyone does in one way or another - you don’t need a perfect technique.  For me, my work is about expressing myself.   Also very important to me: “art” shall not be explained, it’s something that has to be felt ... and that is very different to everybody.  If it has to be explained it’s losing its magic ... another reason why I don’t title my work!

    Thank, Elfriede, you for talking to us and we wish you well with your future career.

    Short Biography
    Elfriede de Rooster, was born in Belgium and has a college degree from an Art School in Belgium, followed by a one year course in publicity.  She has experience in illustration, publicity, strip cartoons and story-boarding for television animation.
    Currently she is working as an independent artist and her work can be seen on webpage http://web.mac.com/eldero and you can search for Elfriede on Facebook.


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